Saturday, May 18, 2019


Two Soldiers Saved our Family in Royalton, Vermont-Thanking Them For Their Service

Nadene Goldfoot

Lieutenant Timothy Lewis Durkee b: 1737 in Woodbury, Litchield, Connecticut was in Royalton, Vermont by 1790 along with his son, Col. Heman Durkee.  The town had been chartered in 1779.   He was married to Lucy Anna Smalley who was born in the same year but in Lebanon, New London, Connecticut.  They married in Pomfret, Windham, Connecticut in 1758.  He fought in the American Revolution at age 39.  Timothy was the only one in his family to strike out for Royalton, Vermont.  He became the main subject for the Durkee newsletter concerning the burning of Royalton, Vermont in the Indian raid.  His family had suffered a great deal from it and is an example of how the early New England families spread through the rest of the country.  Only his oldest son, Heman, remained in Royalton.  Harvey remained in Vermont while the others moved next door to New York.  The grandchildren moved all over the country:  Pennsylvania, New York, Wisconsin, Texas, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Canada, Iowa, and some even remaining in Vermont.  My mother's grandmother, Asenith Durkee b: 1814, was the great granddaughter of Timothy Lewis Durkee.  I'm Timothy's 5th great granddaughter.  I have a grandson.  He's Timothy's 7th great grandson.  
Col Heman Durkee, b: 1759  moved from Woodbury, Litchfield, Connecticut to Royalton, Vermont by 1781 since he married Susanna Rix of Preston, New London, Connecticut since he married her in Royalton September 19, 1781.  Their son, Lyman Durkee was born August 27, 1782.  His title may have been only honorary, but probably also fought in the Revolutionary War as well as he would have been 17 at the start.
It was Susanna Rix's father, Daniel Elisha Rix b: 1738,another Revolutionary War soldier and a Deacon in Preston, Connecticut, who had moved to Royalton, Vermont.  He married Rebecca Johnson b: 1739 of Plainfield, Windham, Connecticut.  They married in Preston, Connecticut.  The couple must have moved to Royalton by 1778.  Deacon Daniel Rix's  house was in line to be attacked in the Indian raid.  General "Elias" Stevens, who was in the area,  took Mrs. Rebecca Rix and 2 or 3 of her children with him on his horse.  Captain Parkhurst was also there on his horse who had taken a Mrs. Benton and her children and they all rode off with others on foot following them.  He got them all to where he had first heard of the alarm and left everyone safely there, turning back to return to his own home and family when he saw the Indians in the road.  He had left a Mr. Burroughs to guard the Rix family group.  So he rode back to Burroughs and the Rix group, getting them to head for the woods to hide.  The Indians stayed on the road, chasing General Stevens.  He rode down the road and came to his father in law's house, Mr. Tilly Parkhurst.  He saw his sister milking by the barn.  He yelled at her to get to safety away from the cow.  There is a Captain Ebenezer Parkhurst mentioned in the Wikipedia article about the Indian raid.  I found Ebenezer's parents on my tree.    

There was a Ruth Stevens born in Royalton in 1780.  She could very well be the daughter of General "Elias" Stevens, giving him reason to be in Royalton in the first place. ""The third party, who went up the river, first came to the house of General Stevens, whose family had been warned by Daniel Havens, he saying: 'The Indians are thick as the d-l at our house,' and directly went away. Just as Mrs. Stevens was for leaving the house the Indians came in the door, destroyed everything, not even allowing her any sufficient clothing, but ordering her to 'be gone, or they would burn.' She took her child and went to the woods for safety. Daniel Waller, a boy of fourteen, lived with General "Elias" Stevens, and he was taken prisoner and carried to Canada. " (I'm very proud of finding General Stevens' first name and his family tree on familysearch.  None of the histories named him other than Stevens.  I was able to connect him to my tree through his mother Sarah Shepard because I had a Squire Shepard already on the tree all alone, 3 years apart from Sarah.  Squire was the father of Polly Shepard, married to a Roswell Parkhurst b: 1773).  
Captain Ebenezer Parkhurst is not related to us, but because he was so quick-acting, saved our family.  I honor him by doing his genealogy. We have this connection, though: 
Descendants of Joanna Sabin Parkhurst (Her maiden name was Sabin.)

[1] Joanna Sabin Parkhurst b: August 18, 1744 in Pomfret, Windham, Connecticut d: July 29, 1831 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
.. +Darius Parkhurst b: Abt. 1744 in Prob. Connecticut
*2nd Husband of [1] Joanna Sabin Parkhurst:

.. +Benjamin Durkee, Captain b: October 18, 1744 in Hampton, /Windham, CT d: April 25, 1829 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont

I have a  Joseph Parkhurst b: 1726 on our tree married to Judith Haynes who both died in Royalton.  Their daughter, Hannah Parkhurst , married  John Hutchinson 1751.  They both lived in Royalton with Hannah being born there and John coming from Connecticut.   I have found a man possibly who was the General Parkhurst. "One man, Phineas Parkhurst, made a Paul Revere-like ride. He successfully warned some families, giving them time to escape. He also received a gunshot to his abdomen in the process! That wound didn’t stop him from continuing his ride. Can you believe that he even lived to tell the tale!?" I can find no record of a Phineas but did for Ebenezer.  He's our man.

Descendants of Joseph Parkhurst
Joseph Parkhurst b: Abt. 1713 d: November 04, 1815 in Royalton, Vermont
.. +Judith Haynes b: Abt. 1713 d: 1797 in prob. Royalton, Vermont
. Ebenezer Parkhurst, Captain b: May 08, 1746 in Plainfield, Windham, Connecticut d: January 12, 1832 in Sharon, Windsor, Vermont
..... +Mary Spalding b: Abt. 1746
. Hannah Parkhurst b: March 14, 1747/48 in Royalton, Vermont d: August 23, 1812 in Royalton, Vermont
..... +JOHN Hutchinson b: October 1751 in Lebanon, New London, Connecticutt d: October 21, 1847 in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont

Descendants of Captain Ebenezer Parkhurst

3 Descendants of Roswell Parkhurst

1   Roswell Parkhurst b: December 10, 1773 in Sharon, Windsor, Vermont d: March 14, 1859 in Potsdam, St. Lawrence, New York
.. +Polly Shepard b: 1778 d: 1836
. 2   Joseph Parkhurst b: April 04, 1801 in Sharon, Windsor, Vermont d: 1860
..... +Julia Brownson b: June 19, 1797 in Richmond, Chittendon, Vermont d: 1877
..... 3   Elizabeth Parkhurst b: Bet. 1827 - 1832 in prob. Potsdam, St. Lawrence, New York d: 1904
..... 3   James B. Parkhurst b: August 19, 1836 in Amsterdam, Montgomery, New York d: July 16, 1869
..... 3   Roswell Parkhurst b: March 09, 1839 in Potsdam, St. Lawrence, New York d: March 05, 1911 in Corvallis, Ravalli, Montana
. 2   Porter Parkhurst b: March 09, 1804 in Sharon, Windsor, Vermont d: October 17, 1855
..... +Amarilla Brown b: 1810 in Pottsdam, St. Lawrence, New York

. 2   Ruth Parkhurst b: October 01, 1808 in Sharon, Windsor, Vermont

Susanna's brother, Garner Rix b: 1769 and wife Elizabeth Lyman b: 1772 also made the trek with them.  Another brother, Joseph Johnson Rix b: 1770 and wife Cynthis Bingham b: 1767 were living in Royalton and on the 1810 census at age 40 but moved onto Michigan.

Abiathar Smith Robinson, the subject of this blog and my great grandfather, was married to Julia Ann Tuller, daughter of Alonzo Charles Tuller b: 1809 in St. Albans, Franklin, Vermont.  At 40, he and the family were on the October 28 1850 census of Royalton, Vermont.  Along with him was a John Robinson, also a farmer, b: 1799 so was 51.  Alonzo's wife was Asenith Durkee b: 1814 born in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont.  She was the daughter of Heman Durkee b: 1789, Col. Heman's son, and Rebecca Hatch.

Alonzo's 1st cousin twice removed was Martin Tuller, Reverend b: 1753 in Egremont, Massachusetts, moved to Royalton at least by 1780 as he had married a Mary Brown who died in Royalton possibly in childbirth in 1799.  By1800 he had married  Charlotte Clapp Whitney of Massachusetts there in 1802.  So some Tullers had moved to Vermont at about the same time.  Martin died in Royalton in 1813.  Martin had attended Yale in becoming a man of the cloth. His children by both ladies of course were born in Royalton.   Martin Tuller/ar  is my 1st cousin 6 times removed.  He died at age 60 years 4 months 1 day.   The book : Hall, Sage Adams.  The sermons of Martin Tullar of Royalton, Vermont: with an account of his life, his ancestry, and his progeny.  South Hadley, MA, S.A. Hall, 1992 was my resource.   He preached occasionally in Hartland (Windsor Co.).  On May 10, however, the town voted not to call him to the work of the ministry at present but agreed to hire him for ten Sabbaths more @ 20s. per Sunday--one half of the time in Dr. Paul Spooner's barn, and the other half in Col Lyman's barn.  In December 1780 they called another minister, without first paying for service already received, and still settling arrearages with Tullar as late as 14 Mar 1786.

The Tullers had many religious men in it.  Daniel Tuller was a Deacon b: 1745 in Simsbury, Connecticut but moved to Royalton.  He died there in 1833.  He was the son of John L. Tuller, also of Simsbury b: 1715 whose next son was David Tuller, Reverend who lived in Massachusetts.  

The Hatch family had come from Tolland, Connecticut and settled in Sharon, Windsor, Vermont.  In fact, Rebecca Hatch was born in Sharon in 1791 and then moved to Royalton and died there.
Robinsons abounded in Royalton in 1850. Amos Robinson III b: 1767 in Lebanon, Connecticut was in Royalton by 1800 and had married an Orange, Grafton, New Hampshire girl, Lavina Bullock b: 1773.  Lavina died in 1806 in Royalton. Amos Robinson III and Lavina Bullock  had a son he named Amos IV b: 1797 in Royalton.  This one married Lois Safford b: 1800 in Royalton.  They moved to Wisconsin instead of Illinois. Cyrus Safford b: 1803, Lois's brother,  in was living with Amos and his family at age 47on the 1850 census in Royalton, Vermont.  A number of other Saffords were there as well in 1850.

  Hiram was born in 1799 in Royalton.  He died by drowning in Lake Ontario at Sandy Creek, Oswego, New York.  He was married to Almira Morgan c1804 , the horse lady from Rhode Island  Finally, Joseph Allen Bullard Robinson was born in 1805 after 3 brothers died near birth in Royalton.  He died in this city.  He was married to Lucy Adams Sargent b 1813 from Pomfret, Connecticut.  They both were buried in Taftsville, Windsor, Vermont.
 Amos remarried to Elizabeth Hughes b:1762.  He wound up moving to Decatur, Macon, Illinois, as Abiathar did to Wenona, Illinois.  Amos III had children with Elizabeth Hughes so his oldest son, Cyrus B Robinson. b: 1808 was born in Royalton Vermont and later moved to Sharon, Windsor, Vermont.  He had married Thankful Preston b: 1811, lived in Strafford in 1850.  Hartwell Robinson was born in 1815 in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont.  He moved with his dad to Decatur, Illinois and died there.  He was married to Fairazina Morris b: 1825 in Decatur, Illinois.  Son of Amos III was also Daniel Evans Robinson was born in 1820 in Royalton, Vermont.  We know he served in the Civil War being 40 then.  He later became a grocer and died in Norwich, Windsor, Vermont.  It's near Dartmouth College.

Amos Robinson IV b: 1797 Royalton, Vermont was married to Lois Safford b: 1800 in Royalton.  They moved to Menasha, Winnabego, Wisconsin and died there.  They seem to have 13 children, so I'll look at a few.  Austin Moorehouse Robinson b: 1822 in Royalton was married to Mary Elizabeth White b: 1829, same as Abiathar.  She was from Weathersfield, Windsor, Vermont.  WEATHERSFIELD is below the word, WINDSOR and to the right along the border of New Hampshire.  Royalton is to the north and along the border of Orange County.  I notice that Royalton and Sharon, Vermont are next door to each other.  Dwight C. Robinson b: 1832 in Royalton died at age 21 there.  James Waterman was the town clerk presiding over his death.  We had a Waterman cousin who helped us with our genealogy. 

I've selected a John R. Robinson as the likely father of Abiathar.  He was born in 1784 in Westminster, Windham, Vermont and died in Stowe, Lamoille, Vermont. Notice this is on the map to the very south end in pink.   He was married to Sophronia Pember b: 1788 in Randolph, Orange, Vermont.  They married in Randolph, Orange, Vermont.  It was Thomas Pember, her grandfather b: 1753 who was at his friend's house, Daniel Havens, and at their door when the Indians had arrived to first attack Royalton.  The Indians saw them and chased Pember, threw a spear at him which pierced his body, killing him finally after running a little more and being pierced again, then scalped, a man who was 27 years 7 months and 14 days old.  This happened on October 16.  Poor Thomas had been at this home in the act of wooing Daniel Havens's sister in marriage.  This Havens home became the Indians' rallying point and meeting center.  From there they attacked other homes and people outside.
     16 October 1780 Indian Attack  on Royalton, Vt.                   
Royalton, Vermont was burned by Indians 16 Oct 1780 as part of Revolutionary War.  Just before dawn on October 16, 1780, the town line of Tunbridge and Royalton was witness to the last major raid of the Revolutionary War in New England. In the "Royalton Raid" three hundred Indians led by British soldiers invaded from Canada along the First Branch of the White River. Part of a series of raids designed to terrorize frontier settlements, the result was the destruction of dozens of homes, crops and livestock necessary to survive the coming winter. Although women and girls were not harmed, 28 men and boys were taken captive and marched to Canada to be imprisoned. In the years that followed, many of the captives made their way back to their families, but some never returned. One resident, Peter Button, was killed in Tunbridge near the Royalton town line along what is Rte. 110 today; an historic marker has been erected there.  Elias Button had been killed in Royalton.  It was a Button who married Abiathar Smith Robinson and Julia Ann Tuller.

It was the Caghnewaga tribe from Canada who led them with the goal to destroy the town of Newbury on the Connecticut River of eastern Vermont.  Their chief commander was  the British Lieutenant, Horton and his 2nd was the Frenchman, LeMott.  They had a pilot or leader, Hamilton, who had been an American prisoner in 1777 and was the cause of Royalton being attacked, a true villain. because he had been held prisoner there.  He had been a member of the enemy in the Taking of Burgoyne in 1777 and was a bitter man.    "In early 1777, American military leaders and members of Congress were aware that Major General John Burgoyne maintained a considerable force in Canada, but assumed that when those forces were readied for action it would be in an offensive against Philadelphia, the American capital city. Few colonists believed that the British would again try an assault southward down Lake Champlain, as they had done unsuccessfully in the early stages of the war.

Despite the American assumption, Burgoyne had received the consent of Lord Germain and George III  for the southward move. On June 17, British forces departed from St. John’s in a huge procession of more than 8,000 men, extensive artillery and dozens of baggage wagons. By the end of the month, the army had reached the first important rebel strongholds and commenced a series of encounters: The American plan to hold this outpost was abandoned after it was learned that Indians had joined their British allies. The fort was set on fire and the defenders fled south to Fort Edward."  "On October 17, 1777, British and German troops under British general John Burgoyne surrendered to American general Horatio Gates, turning the tide of the Revolutionary War in the Americans’ favor."
John Hutchinson b: 1751 in Lebanon, New London, Connecticut was also living near Royalton at the time of the Indian attack.  He was married to Hannah Parkhurst b: 1747 in Royalton.  His home had been invaded by the Indians on attack.  He lived outside of Royalton at the line between Tunbridge and Royalton.  His brother, Abijah was with him.  The two were taken prisoners and they robbed them, not knowing of their arrival when they opened their door. John's sister in law was Sarah Durkee, one of 3 wives his brother, Hezekiah had had.  Sarah was Asenith  Durkee's  1st cousin 3 times removed. 
The Hannah Handy (Hendee) monument, on the South Royalton town green, is a granite arch honoring a young mother who lost her young son in the raid, crossed the river, and successfully begged for the return of several children. With the assistance of one of the Mohawks, she caught up with the British and Mohawk party and pleaded with Lieutenant Houghton to release the young boys now being held by the Indians, partly appealing as a mother of one of the captives and partly by arguing that they wouldn't survive the trip to Canada and stating that their deaths would be on his hands. The British leader ordered the boys released to the woman for safe return to their families.

 The names of the boys she saved were: Michael Hendee, Roswell Parkhurst, son of Capt. Ebenezer Parkhurst, Andrew and Sheldon Durkee, Joseph Rix, Rufus and ___ Fish, Nathaniel Evans and Daniel Downer. 

Sons of Timothy Lewis Durkee 
1. Andrew b: 1769
2. Sheldon b: 1771
Sons of Daniel Elisha Rix, Deacon b:1738 and Rebecca Johnson 

1. Joseph Johnson Rix b: 1779 in Preston, New London, Conn
2 Garner RIX b: July 31, 1769 in Preston, New London, Connecticut d: August 28, 1854 in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont
.. +Elizabeth "Betsey" Lyman b: November 18, 1772 in Middleton, Connecticut d: November 18, 1851 in prob. Royalton, Vermont
I also have anoher Daniel Rix b: 1806, Deacon , who is the son of this Garner Rix.  
7/7/06  North Royalton Cemetery also had burials before the raid.  The greatest number of early burials are here, many with hand some slate stones.  Revolutionary veterans known to be buried here are Timothy Durkee and Heman Durkee.

Resource (Exellent)
4/4/10 Revolutionary War Veteran;
The Durkee Family Newsletter Spring 1993, Volume XII, #1.

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Thursday, May 16, 2019


Our 1852 Wedding in Tunbridge, Vermont

Nadene Goldfoot
Abiathar  Smith Robinson entered Julia Ann Tuller's life probably by 1850 when I found her on the  October 28, 1850 census at age 15 living with her parents.  Another farmer was living with the family;  a John Robinson, born in 1799 at age 51. Before he was born, an Indian raid on Royalton had occurred on  October 16, 1780 and people were killed and even kidnapped.   The next thing I knew was that Julia married Abiathar  in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont on February 29, 1852, a Sunday.  .  She was born on December 18, 1834 in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont, the larger town next door only 8 miles away, so married at age 17 years 2 months 11 days on a Sunday.

Abiathar was also born in December but in 1829, so he was 5 years older than Julia, probably 22 at the time of their marriage.  I don't know the day of his birth or even where exactly he was born or have any records of who his parents were.  If it was this John living with the Tullers, he wasn't on the 1850 census.  Perhaps they had no room.  Perhaps he came from  Tunbridge or even further.There were a lot of Robinsons in New England.
Julia had a lot of relatives.  From Stowe, Vermont to Royalton, Vermont was only 56 miles.   Her mother was Asenath Durkee which later was a family making all sorts of kitchen needed foods such as spices..  She was born in 1814 in Royalton, that town that experienced an Indian raid in its early days.  She had married Alonzo Charles Tuller of St Albans, Franklin, Vermont.  Asenath's mother, Julia's grandmother,  was Rebecca Hatch b: 1791 in Sharon, Windsor, Vermont.  She was married to Heman Durkee, Jr. of  Royalton, Windsor,  Vermont in 1813 in Royalton so had moved there from  Sharon, Vermont.  Heman had lived in Royalton all his life.    "

Amos Robinson, age 19 from Vermont was at the bottom of the census page, a few farms away.  He is probably one of our Robinsons, born 1831.." Amos, son of Joseph Allen Bullard Robinson, both had been born in Royalton.  Amos died as a Civil War soldier later in Mississippi fighting from 1861-65.  Joseph Allen Bullard Robinson's father was from Lebanon, Connecticut but had moved on to Royalton, Vermont.  He had also moved much later to Decatur, Illinois.  Abiathar had also moved from Vermont to Wenona, Marshall, Illinois where he and Julia are buried.

I just now noticed that Hiram Robinson, one of Amos Robinson and his wife, Lavina Bullock's sons, was born in 1799, but he is not a John.  He is Hiram Robinson.  At one time I thought Hiram could have been Abiathar's father, being so many Robinsons were from Royalton.  It's still possible.  I don't know if the live-in farmer John was Abiathar's father.  Hiram was married to Almira Morgan of the Morgan line of horses.  Abiathar raised horses with Julia.  My grandfather, Frank, left home at 16 because of Abiathar's strict religious rules about working on the Sabbath and wouldn't let him lead his horse out of the field where he was due to meet up with  a bull who had entered somehow.  It could be that the horse was killed-thus forcing Frank to leave home.  He had loved that horse.
Hiram had moved to Sandy Creek, Oswego,New York In 1850, " they had 2,456 people; 1.5% of the population of New York.  Evidently they were on the border of Lake Ontario.  "The west border of Sandy Creek is Lake Ontario and the north border is Jefferson County. He drowned later, evidently in Lake Ontario before the 1860 census came out.  Almira died in 1888 there in Sandy Creek.  
Interstate 81 and U.S. Route 11 pass through the town (north-south). New York State Route 3 runs north to south near the Lake Ontario shoreline.

  That could be why Abiathar had said in one census that he was from New York; and on others from Vermont.  Then again, the 2 states are next door to each other, Vermont once being part of New York! 

Many people of Robinson, Durkee and Tuller lived in Tunbridge so they must have had a large group at the wedding.  I've now selected John Robinson b: 1784 of Westminster,  Windham, Vermont to have been Abiathar's father, though he wouldn't be the one living with the Tullers.  His wife was Sophronia Pember of Randolph, Orange, Vermont.  They both died in Stowe, Lamoille, Vermont.  

Nine months later in November 1852 their first son, Edward Rix Robinson was born.  

Interestingly, John's father was Zadock Robinson who was in the army in Fort Erie, Ontario, Canada.  when he died in 1814.  He was in the USA army in the War of 1812.  "Zadok, meaning "Righteous" "Justified", was a Kohen, biblically recorded to be a descendant from Eleazar the son of Aaron . He was the high priest during the reigns of David and Solomon." 

Abiathar's name is also biblical, which might matter in this particular sect and time period as to how they would choose names for babies.  Abiathar (Hebrewאֶבְיָתָר‎ ’Eḇyāṯār, "the father is great"), in the Hebrew Bible, is a son of Ahimelech or Ahijah, High Priest at Nob, the fourth in descent from Eli (1 Samuel 23:6) and the last of Eli's House to be a High Priest.

Today, we can see that a cohen from Aaron bears the Y haplogroup of J1, so can actually be identified through DNA.  If Zadock is the real ancestor of my grandfather, Frank Hugh Robinson, son of Abiathar, he would bear the haplogroup of R-L21.  In case some of you Robinsons were tested a while back, it first read with minimum testing as R1b; then as R1b1a2a1a1b4;  Frank's oral history to us was that his ancestor came over NOT on the Mayflower but the ship after that one.  All I know is that John Robinson, Pastor in Holland, sent the Pilgrims on the Mayflower but didn't go himself.  Instead he sent his son, Isaac  over on the next ship.  He had to stay with his remaining flock.  All our clues lead to having Scottish ancestors.  

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Tuesday, May 14, 2019


Accidental DNA Resource Connects Robinson Line to Chosen Scottish Robinson Line

Nadene Goldfoot                       
King James II, VII
Chief Massasoit
I had a new match from  23 and Me today so looked at it.  The surname could have been a Jewish line or a gentile line, so I checked out the surname list given which are clues as to who a single segment could be.  The lady and I share one segment on chromosome #8.of 27cMs.   She was born closer to the year of my grandson's birth, and we are 4th cousins.

The surname that excited me was on her list of names which was Alexander.  I had a Chauncey Alexander on my tree born in 1818 in ? and died in 1843 in Northfield, Washington, Vermont.  I had no workup on him, but I did on his wife, who was part of my tree.  She was Mary Averall born in Northfield, Vermont in 1824.  She died in 1909 there.  They had married August 10, 1842.  Mary's parents were Oliver Averall and Harriet Polly Hopkins.  Oliver's father was Thomas Averall and his mother was Elizabeth Robinson b: 1751 in Providence, Rhode Island and had died in 1840 in Northfield, Vermont. (I am her 1st or 2nd cousin 5 times removed.)   Later, you will see that Mary Averall's husband, Chauncey Alexander,  also brings me to a huge surprise as to who his origins were.  They were 2 unimportant people sitting on my tree just because I like to keep following people and their ancestors that Family Search and make possible to do so.  They were very distant relatives.  By the way, the book, Plymouth Colony, is loaded with Hopkins people of this surname.  It's because Stephen Hopkins was one of the passengers on the ship, The Mayflower in 1620.  Stephen Hopkins had housed the Indians and had good relations with them.  (at least the nearby Wampnoags under the supreme chief Massasoit were good.  Somoset who was not a  Wampanoag, but came from Maine, ad learned some English fom fishing ships, and he walked in on the settlers shortly after their arrival at Plymouth and offered to help them.   Through Samoset, they learned also of Squanto, who was "a native of this place," but who had been taken by a ship to England.  Samoset stayed his first night at Stephen Hopkins's house, having familiarity from when he was in Virginia years earlier.  through Samoset, the colonists made initial contact with Massasoit and shortly after signed a peace treaty with hi, continuing until after Massasoit's death in 1662.  "

Elizabeth Robinson was the daughter of NATHANIEL Robinson,Jr., Deacon, Judge b: 1724 in Attleboro, Massachusetts.  He died in 1815 in Westminster, Vermont.  Her mother was was Keziah Robbins  who died in 1795 in Westminster, Vermont.  Nathaniel Robinson was a direct descendant of George Robinson of Glasgow, Scotland according to my research done previously..

I had already determined some time ago that this same George Robinson of Glasgow was our ancestor.  There are so many Robinsons in New England, and as I kept working on our Robinsons, many people had married into a Robinson line, so I've been guessing as to our known Abiathar Smith Robinson, father of our grandfather, Frank Hugh Robinsons's father.  Abiarthar's history ended in  Wenona, Marshall, Illinois where he is buried, and was known about on his marriage license, and his wife was known to be Julia Ann Tuller of Royalton, Vermont on the 1850 census at age 15, but Abiathar was on no piece of information.  It's been very frustrating.  To complicate matters, Julia's father had a John Robinson age 51,  working for him b: that could have been Abiathar's father or relative listed on that 1850 census living with them as another farmer.  He was alone; no wife or child with him on the census. That shows that he was born in 1799-1800.  The census said he was born in Vermont.  "In 1850, a John Robinson, farmer, was living with the Tullers.  Could he be the father of Abiathar who would have been 21?  Julia was 15 on the census.    I'm beginning to think so.  John would have been 30 years old at Abiathar's birth.  " (from my notes).  

So, as it is today, I have found a John Robinson b: 1784 in  Westminster, Vermont to be Abiathar's missing father.  I sure hope I'm right.  His wife is Sophromia Pember.  They both died in Stowe, Vermont.  They had a son named John K.Robinson b: 1819 in Stowe, Lamoille, Vermont.  This piece of information coincides with another earlier DNA match that was much closer to me as a 3rd cousin with FTDNA.  She's connected to the Bartlett family.  I think of the pears with this name.  She and I have worked on this line together for many sessions.  John K Robinson's wife was Celinda Lorinda Lee Lucinda S. Hoskins HARRIS.  She was born in 1821 in Stowe, Lamoille, Vermont also.  John K Robinson was also a direct descendant of George Robinson of Glasgow, Scotland.   They're on the same tree.

The confusing fact is that I have at least 10 to 12 lines of Robinson in my computer in MyFamily Tree Maker Program, an old software program from when I first started doing genealogy way way before DNA came into being for genealogy.

Another line from DNA has the person's mother as a Robinson, and the outcome is a William Robinson, not the same Robinson line.  This DNA match is even closer to me the the one with John K. Robinson b: 1819.  This goes to Diane Robinson, Richard, Arthur, David, Jacob, John S.1765, Leonard Robinson, Sgt  b: 1736,  Samuel, Captain, Samuel, William b: 1640 Bristol, England, William Robinson, b: 1614 Canterbury, Kent, England.  These last DNA ladies that connect to me connect to each other as well via DNA.

My 2 ladies, both sharing the same name of Cheryl (my first cousin is Charlotte Robinson who we call Cherie) and my brother and myself and my Charlotte's brother, Ken all share the same segment on chromosome #1 of 12 to 15cMs.  So somehow we share the same Robinson line as well.  I have made a mistake somewhere.  DNA doesn't lie.

5/14/19 So I've tried to rectify my error. The problem was the father of Jacob H. Robinson being the wrong John Robinson.  I found another that seems to do even better with him leading to the Scottish George Robinson of Glasgow, Scotland like the others.  This is a John Robinson b: 1769 in Tolland, Connecticut and died in Shoreham, Vermont, about 84 miles away from Bakersfield Vermont.  He even had a David Robinson as a son.  (This is how we all make errors in our genealogy.  It's hard to tell at times who is who.  Oh, if everyone had a brand of their Y haplogroup, which they do if tested, but I would like one more visible.  This John was already in my tree.  So I traded the other John S Robinson b: 1765 for this John Robinson b: 1769.  They both ended up in Vermont.
Massasoit smoking a ceremonial pipe with Governor John Carver in Plymouth 1621.
Chauncey Alexander was alone on my tree, one of 2 Alexanders.  The other was born about 100 years later.  I followed Chauncey's ancestors all the way back to a Peter Alexander b: 1650 in Massachusetts and found out that his father was Wamsutta Alexander Wampanoag Sachem born in 1634-5 at Pokanoket, Bristol, Rhode Island.  Yes, I was thinking of the Pilgrims landing in Massachusetts after sailing in 1620 from Holland.  I thought, this must be the last ancestor, checked, and found Wamsutta's father.  It was Massasoit Ousamequin born in 1575.  "Massasoit Sachem or Ousamequin (c. 1581 – 1661) was the sachem or leader of the Wampanoag tribe. The term Massasoit means Great Sachem.  Massasoit Ousamequin lived in Montaup, a Pokanoket village in Bristol, Rhode Island. He held the allegiance of a number of lesser Pokanoket sachems.
"Outbreaks of smallpox had devastated the Pokanokets, and Massasoit sought an alliance with the colonies of New England against the neighboring Narragansetts, who controlled an area west of Narragansett Bay in the Colony of Rhode Island. He forged critical political and personal ties with colonial leaders William BradfordEdward WinslowStephen HopkinsJohn Carver, and Myles Standish, ties which grew out of a negotiated peace treaty on March 22, 1621. The alliance ensured that the Wampanoags remained neutral during the Pequot War in 1636. According to Colonial sources, Massasoit prevented the failure of Plymouth Colony and the almost certain starvation that the Pilgrims faced during the earliest years of the colony's establishment."
 All this was found through family search from their posted tree information.  
Anne Hyde
I have Hyde as an important surname on my mother's tree.  It's a long story but I have a Deborah Hyde married to Amos Benton Robinson, both born in 1734. One of their sons was Amos Robinson III b: 1767 in Grafton, Connecticut and wife  Elizabeth Hughes.  One of his sons was Cyrus Robinson that I selected as my ggrandfather's father.  Cyrus B Robinson was born in 1808 in Strafford, Orange, Vermont.  His wife was Thankful Preston.  Cyrus is a direct descendant of George Robinson of Glasgow, Scotland.  Whew!   Cyrus had been my 1st choice, but now I have chosen John Robinson who is also on this Glasgow, Scotland Robinson tree. 
James II of England 
James II and VII was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688..
 Deborah Hyde leads to a Hyde that married one of the kings of England. It was Anne Hyde.  Descendants of ANNE HYDE

ANNE HYDE b: March 22, 1637/38 in Cranbourne Lodge, Windsor in Berkshire,Windsor, England d: April 10, 1671 in London, England
.. +King James, II, Duke of York and VII b: October 14, 1633 in St. James Palace, London, England, HOUSE OF STUART d: September 16, 1701 in St. Germain-en-Laye, France

"The House of Stuart, originally Stewart, was a European royal house of Scotland with Breton origin.[2] They had held the office of High Steward of Scotland since Walter FitzAlan in around 1150. The royal Stewart line was founded by Robert II whose descendants were kings and queens of Scotland from 1371 until the union with England in 1707. Mary, Queen of Scots was brought up in France where she adopted the French spelling of the name Stuart."

 That connection also leads to George Robinson of Glasgow, Scotland, thank goodness, though I had selected the wrong father-still could be the right one as far as I know for sure which was an Amos Robinson III b: 1767 and wife Elizabeth which led to Abiathar's father being a Cyrus B. Robinson b: 1808 with wife Thankful Preston.  Abiathar was born in 1829.  Anyway, back to the importance of Hyde.

On 2 March 1651/52, Nicholas Hyde was fined 25 pounds, a severe penalty, for selling a gun to an Indian, with confusing evidence.  He was also ordered to satisfy Chief Massasoit about a gun that he probably sold to him of which he was not satisfied with.  The implication was that it was all right for Massasoit to have a gun.  My past notation on Nicholas Hyde was (1/26/12 Sir Nicholas Hyde, who was to hold the office of Chief Justice of the King's Bench between 1627 and 1631).

There is one Alexander listed in the book, Plymouth Colony, published by Ancestry.  He was a John Alexander, listed as a man found guilty on 6 August 1637 of lewd behavior, page 201.  His punishment was to be severely whipped and burned on the shoulder with a hot iron and to be perpetually banished from the colony, and to be whipped again anytime he might be found in the colony.  The book goes into the lewd behavior that he was being punished for.

Alexander is a surname originating in Scotland. It is originally an Anglicised form of the Scottish Gaelic MacAlasdair. It is a somewhat common Scottish name, and the region of Scotland where it traditionally is most commonly found is in the Highlands region of Scotland

My mother wanted so much to find royalty in her family.  That's why she encouraged me to do genealogy.  She had no idea that an Anne Hyde would become part of royalty or that by roundabout family marriages we would be able to have Chief Massasoit on our tree.  
Further checking on Scottish Robinsons produced: " A descendant of one of the Kings of Scotland, by the name of James Robinson, resided in a beautiful town in Scotland called at the time, Blarefatte, but after the rebellion, it was called by another name.  (JH typist note: Blarefatte still exists and was visited by both my mother and her brother, grandchildren of Marquis D. Robinson.) 
     The King of England allowed Sir James, as he was called, to enjoy his inheritance without being molested, though he had to give to kings of England, a small sum annually to acknowledge them as his legal sovereigns.
Robinson is the 15th most common surname in the United Kingdom. According to the 1990 United States Census, Robinson was the twentieth most frequently encountered surname among those reported, accounting for 0.23% of the population.
In Ireland, Robinson is only really common in Ulster. The two names had been used interchangeably in some areas of the province around the beginning of the 20th century. It can also be an Anglicization of such Jewish surnames as Rabinowitz and Rubinstein.

In searching for famous Scottish Robinsons, I came across this Scotsman and was pleased to see it.  Thought not a Robinson, he helped my Jewish relatives and I to have a chance populating Palestine once again in the creation of Israel with his Balfour Doctrine.    Arthur James Balfour (First Earl of Balfour) (1848 - 1930)
Born in East Lothian. A member of the Conservative party. Held several political positions, and was elected as British Prime Minister in 1902. He remained in office until 1906.
Update 5/15/19 : In checking for Native American DNA, my male 1st cousin-son of my mother's brother, has -1% of native American DNA.  It could be from Massasoit.  I have none.  Luckily, he has 2 areas to check in FTDNA; his own personal and his Y haplogroup information of which he is  R-L21.

Read more: Famous Scottish People

Resource: 23 and me
My genealogy tree
Family Search (LDS)
Book, Plymouth Colony, Its History and People,
published by ancestry.,  by Eugene Aubrey Stratton
   Massasoit; pp; 22,23,25,67,77,102,108

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