Saturday, October 31, 2009
Female H: Married to Robinson
Frank and Augusta's son married Eleanor Kalkwarf, who is also an H. It covers a large territory. Eleanor was not from Sweden. I believe her line came from Hanover, Oldensburg, Germany.
Gustafson, Sweden=H with one difference from CRS: 16354 is a T.
Eleanor Kalkwarf=H with 4 differences from CRS: 16189=C, 16356=C, 16362=C, 16519=C
H for Helena: the most widespread and successful of the 7 daughters of Eve.It's the largest group there is for females and is found almost everywhere.
This branch started about expanding about 20,000 years ago between France and Spain near what is now Perpignan. She belonged to a group of hunters who worked the oyster beds in lagoons of the Carmargue to supplement their meat. Helena's clan arrived in Europe from the Middle East, pushed their way along the Mediterranean.
We find that Augusta Gustafson's line from Sweden has only found 1.3% matching her with 16 matches out of 1,230 MTdna tests. 1.5% from Finland with 17 matches out of 1,150 tests, 1.1% from Switzerland out of 9 matches from 785 tests,
We find that Eeanor Kalkwarf's line from Germany has not found anyone 1% or better. The highest % found is.09% from Slovenia matching her with 1 out of 112 tests, .08% from Netherlands with 7 matches out of 850 tests, 0.8% from Czech Republic with 2 out of 495, and .07% from Bulgaria with 1 match out of 148 tests, .07% from Latvia with 1 Jewish Ashkenazi out of 149 tests, 0.7% from Poland with either 1 or 17 matches (?) out of 2,571 tests, and 0.7% from Wales with 4 matches out of 583 tests.
Specific mitochondrial haplogroups are typically found in different regions of the world, and this is due to unique population histories. In the process of spreading around the world, many populations—with their special mitochondrial haplogroups—became isolated, and specific haplogroups concentrated in geographic regions. Today, we have identified certain haplogroups that originated in Africa, Europe, Asia, the islands of the Pacific, the Americas, and even particular ethnic groups. Of course, haplogroups that are specific to one region are sometimes found in another, but this is due to recent migration.Mitochondrial haplogroup H is a predominantly European haplogroup that originated outside of Europe before the last glacial maximum (LGM). It first expanded in the northern Near East and southern Caucasus between 33,000 and 26,000 years ago, and later migrations from Iberia suggest it reached Europe before the LGM. It has also spread to Siberia and Inner Asia. Today, about 40% of all mitochondrial lineages in Europe are classified as haplogroup H.
With further testing, H is broken down into subgroups such as H1, H1a, H1b, H2 etc.
CRS (Cambridge Reference Sequence) Mitochondrion sequenced in 1981 became known as the CRS and has been used as a basis for comparison with our mtDNA. Where our mtDNA is difference from the CRS it is characterized as a difference or mutation.
Haplogroup: H H is a branch of the human genetic tree (Phylogenetic tree). It is tied to deep ancestry (think 10,000 or 10s of 1,000's of years).
HVR1 and HVR2 (HyperVariaable Region 1 & 2) Two sections or regions of mtDNA that are tested. Results used to determine a person's ethnic and geographic origins and look for possible common ancestry with other individuals.
mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) genetic stuff found in mitochondria passed down from females to both son and daughter, but sons can not pass down their mother's mtDNA.
mutation: a change in the gene or chromosome taking the form of a chemical rearrangement or a little loss or gain of genetic material.
Reference: Familytreedna website